Have you been taught enough in dept about Sex Education?

As you walk round the streets you will see many young sexually active children over the age of 15 years old, some even younger, and you think 'do these children really know about sex and the consequences of being active?' 

However, even though 'Statistically' teen pregnancy has lowered, you still see many young adults with children of their own. Why is this? Have they not been taught about sex education, protection, and consequences of their actions? They may say that they have had the talk from their parents or had a sex education class is school, but was it in dept enough?

On the other hand, many parents don't have 'the talk' with their children so they are missing out on the chance of educating their children on things they really do need to know. Though it is awkward and quite irritating whilst talking about sex and why they should protect themselves from all kinds of things. I, myself, know too well all about this awkwardness as i have had the talk off my parents many of times.

Britain has the third highest number of sexually active 13 to 15 year olds in the world...horrific right? And more than one third of young women regret their decision to have sex so early. Denmark and Iceland have more. A worrying 38% of teenage girls regretted losing their virginity and a fifth say they felt pressured to do so. Girls who become sexually active in their teens are more than three times as likely to be depressed as those who don’t. 

Pressure is a worrying this as many young people feel they have to have sex by a certain age. I think that Chick Flicks and other teenage films have a play in this as they are all for teenage sex, take American Pie as an example. Friends of these young people will also pressure them as they feel it is what has to happen, bullying is a name for it i suppose! 

It is like a competition in High School and College of who can lose their virginity first and some lads feel like they need to compete on how many girls they can sleep with. Losing your virginity is not a competition, it is a life choice and it should be respected; young people should feel ready to have sexual intercourse before they do anything. It is so much better to feel ready than to feel pressured.

Males play the lead role in this, as they get 'egged on' to sleep with girls at a younger age. Women are so much more vulnerable and want to 'make their boyfriend happy' so they feel they have to do what the lad wants to. In my own opinion, I think young adults, men more than women, feel that if they have sex, they feel as if they are 'being adult' This leads to the notion they can do other things that adults do, so teenagers who begin having sex at a significantly earlier time in their lives than their peers are more likely to engage in delinquent behaviour.

It has become normal for young people to be embarrassed of you don't have sex, as if there is something wrong with you. Being pressured and feeling embarrassed, makes young people force themselves into something they shouldn't rush into!

Having sexual intercourse at a young age leads to empty relationships and low self-worth as the experience creates worry, regret, self-recrimination, guilt, loss of self-respect, shaken trust, depression, stunted personal development, damaged relationships, and relationship skills. At worst, it can also have a negative impact on marriage, which is horrible as marriage is supposed to be something so magical and natural.

I want to play my part and help to teach those people who have never, or have had a slight talk/education class about sex. 

Protection - most common

A woman can get pregnant if a man's sperm reach one of her eggs (ova), so contraception tries to stop this happening by keeping apart both the sperm and the egg.

The male condom is 98% effective, which means that 2 out of 100 women in a year will get pregnant; this form of protection also stops the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STI's)

Female Condoms are also available, especially in the UK. The UK brand is called Femidom.

Condoms are available free from:
  • contraception clinics (sometimes called family planning clinics)
  • sexual health, or genito-urinary medicine (GUM), clinics
  • some GP surgeries
You can also buy condoms from:
  • shops
  • pharmacies
  • supermarkets
  • garages
  • vending machines in some public toilets
How do I use Condoms?
  • carefully open the foil packaging that the condom is wrapped in, taking care not to tear the condom
  • hold the tip of the condom between your forefinger and thumb to make sure it is put on the right way round, and that no air is trapped inside (the condom may split if air is trapped inside)
  • place the condom over the tip of the penis
  • while squeezing the tip of the condom, roll it down over the length of the erect penis
  • if the condom will not unroll, it is probably on inside out – start again with a new condom as there may be sperm on it
Make sure that the condom stays in place while you are having sex. If it comes off, stop and put on a new one.

Femidoms allow women to share the responsibility of choosing what type of contraception to use before having sex with their partner. Female condoms can be inserted at any time before sex, but must always be inserted before the penis touches the genital area.
  • carefully remove the female condom from its packaging, taking care not to tear it
  • place the closed end of the condom into the vagina, holding the soft inner ring between your forefinger or middle finger and thumb
  • use your other hand to separate the folds of skin (labia) around the vagina, then put the squeezed ring into the vagina
  • put your index or middle finger or both in the open end of the condom until the inner ring can be felt and push the condom as far up the vagina as possible, with the outer ring lying against the outside of the vagina
  • the outer ring of the condom should rest closely on the outside of the vagina at all times during sex – if the outer ring gets pushed inside the vagina, stop and put it back in the right place
  • make sure that the penis enters the condom – take care to ensure that the penis does not go between the condom and the wall of the vagina
Immediately after sex, slightly twist and pull the end of the condom to remove it, taking care not to spill any sperm inside the vagina. If this happens, you will need to seek advice about emergency contraception from your GP or pharmacist.

Combined Pill
The combined oral contraceptive pill is usually just called the pill. It contains synthetic (artificial) versions of the female hormones oestrogen and progesterone, which women produce naturally in their ovaries.
The hormones in the pill prevent your ovaries from releasing an egg (ovulating). They also make it difficult for sperm to reach an egg, or for an egg to implant itself in the lining of the womb. The pill is usually taken to prevent pregnancy, but can also be used to treat painful periods, heavy periods, premenstrual syndrome and endometriosis.
  • When taken correctly, the pill is over 99% effective at preventing pregnancy. This means that fewer than one woman in 100 who use the combined pill as contraception will get pregnant in one year.
  • You need to take the pill every day for 21 days, then stop for seven days, and during this week you have a period-type bleed. You start taking the pill again after seven days.
  • You need to take the pill at the same time every day. You could get pregnant if you don't do this, or if you miss a pill, or vomit or have severe diarrhoea.
  • If you have heavy periods or painful periods, the combined pill can help.
  • Minor side effects include mood swings, breast tenderness and headaches.
  • There is no evidence that the pill makes women gain weight.
  • There's a very low risk of serious side effects such as blood clots and cervical cancer.
  • The combined pill is not suitable for women over 35 who smoke, or women with certain medical conditions.
  • The pill does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), so using a condom as well will help to protect you against STIs.

Contraceptive Implant
The contraceptive implant is a small flexible tube about 40mm long that's inserted under the skin of your upper arm. It's inserted by a trained professional, such as a doctor, and lasts for three years. 
The implant stops the release of an egg from the ovary by slowly releasing progestogen into your body. Progestogen thickens the cervical mucus and thins the womb lining. This makes it harder for sperm to move through your cervix, and less likely for your womb to accept a fertilised egg.
  • If implanted correctly, it's more than 99% effective. Fewer than one woman in 1,000 who use the implant as contraception will get pregnant in one year.
  • It's very useful for women who know they don't want to get pregnant for a while. Once the implant is in place, you don't have to think about contraception for three years. 
  • It can be useful for women who can't use contraception that contains oestrogen. 
  • It's very useful for women who find it difficult to take a pill at the same time every day. 
  • If you have side effects, the implant can be taken out. You can have the implant removed at any time, and your natural fertility will return very quickly.
  • When it's first put in, you may feel some bruising, tenderness or swelling around the implant. 
  • In the first year after the implant is fitted, your periods may become irregular, lighter, heavier or longer. This usually settles down after the first year. 
  • A common side effect of the implant is that your periods stop (amenorrhoea). It's not harmful, but you may want to consider this before deciding to have an implant. 
  • Some medications can make the implant less effective, and additional contraceptive precautions need to be followed when you are taking these medications 
  • The implant does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). By using condoms as well as the implant, you'll help to protect yourself against STIs.

How the implant works

The implant steadily releases the hormone progestogen into your bloodstream. Progestogen is similar to the natural hormone progesterone, which is released by a woman's ovaries during her period.
The continuous release of progestogen:
  • stops a woman releasing an egg every month (ovulation) 
  • thickens the mucus from the cervix (entrance to the womb), making it difficult for sperm to pass through to the womb and reach an unfertilised egg
  • makes the lining of the womb thinner so that it is unable to support a fertilised egg
The implant can be put in at any time during your menstrual cycle, as long as you and your doctor are reasonably sure you are not pregnant. In the UK, Nexplanon is the main contraceptive implant currently in us. 

IUS (intrauterine system)

An IUS is a small, T-shaped plastic device that is inserted into your womb (uterus) by a specially trained doctor or nurse.
The IUS releases a progestogen hormone into the womb. This thickens the mucus from your cervix, making it difficult for sperm to move through and reach an egg. It also thins the womb lining so that it's less likely to accept a fertilised egg. It may also stop ovulation (the release of an egg) in some women.
The IUS is a long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) method. It works for five years, so you don't have to think about contraception every day or each time you have sex. The brand name of the IUS used in the UK is Mirena.
You can use an IUS whether or not you've had children.
  • It's more than 99% effective. Less than one in every 100 women who use the IUS will get pregnant in five years.
  • It can be taken out at any time by a specially trained doctor or nurse and your fertility quickly returns to normal.
  • The IUS can make your periods lighter, shorter or stop altogether, so it may help women who have heavy periods or painful periods.
  • It can be used by women who can't use combined contraception (such as the combined pill), for example those who have migraines.
  • Once the IUS is in place, you don't have to think about contraception every day or each time you have sex.
  • Some women may experience mood swings, skin problems or breast tenderness.  
  • There's a small risk of getting an infection after it's inserted.
  • It can be uncomfortable when the IUS is put in. Painkillers can help with this.
  • The IUS can be fitted at any time during your monthly menstrual cycle, as long as you're definitely not pregnant. Ideally, it should be fitted within seven days of the start of your period because this will protect against pregnancy straight away. You should use condoms for seven days if the IUS is fitted at any other time.
  • The IUS does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). By using condoms as well as the IUS, you'll help to protect yourself against STIs.

Emergency contraception (morning after pill, IUD)

Emergency contraceptions can prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex or if your contraceptive method has failed. There are two types:
  • the emergency contraceptive pill which is also called the morning after pill
  • the IUD (intrauterine device, or coil)
There are two kinds of emergency contraceptive pill. Levonelle has to be taken within 72 hours (three days) of sex, and ellaOne has to be taken within 120 hours (five days) of sex. Both pills work by preventing or delaying ovulation (release of an egg).
  • Both types of emergency contraception are effective at preventing pregnancy if they are used soon after unprotected sex. Less than 1% of women who use the IUD get pregnant, whereas pregnancies after the emergency contraceptive pill are not as rare. It’s thought that ellaOne is more effective than Levonelle.
  • The sooner you take Levonelle or ellaOne, the more effective it will be.
  • Levonelle or ellaOne can make you feel sick, dizzy or tired, or give you a headache, tender breasts or abdominal pain.
  • Levonelle or ellaOne can make your period earlier or later than usual.
  • If you’re sick (vomit) within two hours of taking Levonelle, or three hours of taking ellaOne, seek medical advice as you will need to take another dose or have an IUD fitted.
  • If you use the IUD as emergency contraception, it can be left in as your regular contraceptive method.
  • If you use the IUD as a regular method of contraception, it can make your periods longer, heavier or more painful.
  • You may feel some discomfort when the IUD is put in – painkillers can help to relieve this.
  • There are no serious side effects of using emergency contraception.
  • Emergency contraception does not cause an abortion

Now you know about the most common contraceptives that are chosen to be used and you can protect yourselves from STI's and unwanted pregnancy. Remember you can stop using the pill, take out the IUS and Implant whenever you feel ready to start a life. I don't recommend this to younger people, as a steady life is needed before bringing another life into the world.

I will now be talking about the female and male genitals. If you do not wish to learn about this area, you might as well click off this entry. Thank you for reading this far and I hope you have learnt something.

Male Genitals

Male Genitals come in all different shapes and sizes, what is normal is what's normal to you. You may compare to other men but everyone is different. Remember that.

Urethra: the duct by which the urine is conveyed out of the body from the bladder, and which in male vertebrates also conveys semen.
Testicle: There two oval organs that produce sperm which are enclosed in the scrotum behind the penis.
Epididymis: a highly convoluted duct behind the testis, along which sperm passes to the vas deferens.
Vas Deferens: a duct that carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct.
Prostate Gland: a gland surrounding the neck of the bladder and releasing a fluid component of semen.
Seminal Vesicle: each of a pair of glands which open into the vas deferens near to its junction with the urethra and secrete many of the components of semen.

Female Genitals
Male Genitals come in all different shapes and sizes, what is normal is what's normal to you. You may compare to other men but everyone is different. Remember that.

Vulva: the female external genitals.
Vagina: the muscular tube leading from the external genitals to the cervix of the uterus.
Cervix: the narrow neck-like passage forming the lower end of the womb.
Uterus: the womb.
Ovaries: female reproductive organs in which ova or eggs are produced
Fallopian Tubes: a pair of tubes along which eggs travel from the ovaries to the uterus.

That's it from me. I hope you have learnt something and know more about sex education.

See you later.

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